These studies were funded, in whole or part, by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a federal agency headed up by Anthony Fauci since 1984.
In 2014, investigative reporter, Liam Scheff, wrote an article at omsj.org, looking back on the orphan scandal. Ten years earlier, he had broken the story, and was then subjected to multiple attacks in the press.
Here is Liam's 2014 article. As you read it, remember where the funding for the orphan drug trial came from:
"In 2004, I broke open the NIH Clinical Trial Scandal, the internationally-covered story of hundreds of New York City orphans used by government agencies and pharmaceutical companies in deadly AIDS drug trials."
"In reporting this issue, I entered the orphanage where children were being used as guinea pigs, and over a period of several years, took interviews with mothers, children and childcare workers at the Incarnation Children's Center. I also interviewed the medical director, and investigated the FDA documentation and published medical literature on the tests and drugs used, drugs which were often force-fed through nasal and gastric tubes to the children. I reported several deaths in children, and although the mainstream denied that any deaths were due to drug toxicity, they admit that over 200 children died."