LG Chem's LG Energy Solution is expected to expand its EV battery offer with the LFP (lithium iron phosphate) lithium-ion chemistry (the oldest one), which is gaining popularity again.
So far, LG Energy Solution was focused on the NCM (nickel, cobalt, manganese) cathode chemistry and new NCMA (nickel, cobalt, manganese and aluminum) to achieve the best energy density and reduce the cobalt content to keep costs under control.
According to The Elec, the company has realized that the LFP chemistry also has business potential despite its lower energy density, because it's cobalt- and nickel-free, less expensive and considered safe. Recently, Tesla introduced the LFP battery option in the U.S.
We can only guess that developments were triggered by the customer inquiries as well as observations on how well the CATL and BYD are progressing - the energy density of the cells improved to a decent level, affordability is very important in the mass market, and the cell-to-pack design makes LFP a very competitive option.