Nearly 80 countries — including China and the U.S. — are in the process of developing a CBDC, or Central Bank Digital Currency. It's a form of money that's regulated but exists entirely online. China has already launched its digital yuan to more than a million Chinese citizens, while the U.S. is still largely focused on research.
The two groups tasked with this research in the U.S., MIT's Digital Currency Initiative and the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, are parsing out what a digital currency might look like for Americans. Privacy is a major concern, so researchers and analysts are observing China's digital yuan rollout.
"I think that if there is a digital dollar, privacy is going to be a very, very important part of that," said Neha Narula, director of the Digital Currency Initiative at the MIT Media Lab. "The United States is pretty different than China."