The bill had already been rushed through the House of Representatives, and most expected it to sail through the Senate. But, instead, Senate leadership had to settle for a 77-day extension.
Senate leadership was also forced to allow consideration of several amendments at a later date. Included is Sen. Rand Paul's amendment that would forbid the FISA court from issuing warrants targeting American citizens.
Deep state supporters claim the expiring business records provision (which authorizes the collection of our communications and was at the center of Edward Snowden's 2013 revelations), lone wolf provision (which allows government to subject an individual with no known ties to terrorists to warrantless surveillance), and roving wiretaps provision (which allows government to monitor communications on any device that may be used by a targeted individual) are necessary to keep Americans safe.