These figures are only estimates. Due to the nature of the conflict, precise numbers are unavailable, and the true numbers may never be known.
At least 678 civilians were killed and 493 more were wounded in attacks. The number of wounded is likely to be higher.
One British national was killed and another was wounded in a de-mining accident. At least 13 members of the Kurdistan Workers Party (P.K.K.) were killed in Turkish cross-border operations. Four Turks were killed and nine were wounded, when the P.K.K. launched a cross-border mortar attack from Iraqi territory. Iraq executed 47 people on terrorism charges on three separate dates.
Security forces lost 134 personnel, and another 141 were wounded, but these figures are undoubtedly too low. Accounts from a cemetery in Najaf suggest that Shi'ite militias alone could be losing about 100 members per day.