The move could come as part of a ballot measure that voters will decide on during election day.
The initiative, called Measure 110, could "drastically change" the state's justice system, ABC News noted. Those who are caught with hard drugs would now have the option of paying a $100 fine or attending new addition recovery centers, paid for with taxes from retail marijuana sales.
Under the new measure, possession of less than 1 gram of heroin or meth, 2 grams of cocaine, 12 grams of psilocybin, 40 doses of LSD, oxycodone or methadone and 1 gram of MDMA would all be decriminalized.
Countries like Portugal, the Netherlands and Switzerland have already implemented similar decriminalizations. In Portgual, the change saw "no surge" in new drug use. In fact, drug deaths fell while the number of people in the country treated for addiction rose 20% between 2001 and 2008. Then, the number stabilized.
The U.N. Chief Executives Board for Coordination announced in 2019 that it would also "promote alternatives to conviction and punishment in appropriate cases, including the decriminalization of drug possession for personal use" in order to "address prison overcrowding and overincarceration by people accused of drug crimes."
The new proposed measure in Oregon has the backing of "the Oregon Nurses Association, the Oregon chapter of the American College of Physicians and the Oregon Academy of Family Physicians," according to ABC.