This morning I read through the prospectus and annual reports of the most popular Gold ETFs in the world.
First, some background:
ETF stands for 'exchange-traded fund'. It's sort of like a mutual fund that's listed on the stock exchange, meaning investors can buy/sell shares of an ETF just like they would buy/sell shares of Apple, Ford, or (God help us) Netflix.
But unlike Apple, which is an operating business with employees, products, revenue, etc., an ETF is NOT an operating business. It's a fund that merely pools capital to own assets.
The benefit for investors is that ETFs can be an easy and convenient way to invest in certain assets which would otherwise be difficult to buy.
If someone wants to buy Egyptian stocks, for example– they could open a brokerage account in Cairo… or buy an Egypt ETF that's listed on the New York Stock Exchange.