Two minuscule 2,600-year-old inscriptions recently uncovered in the City of David's Givati Parking Lot excavation are vastly enlarging the understanding of ancient Jerusalem in the late 8th century BCE.
The two inscriptions, in paleo-Hebrew writing, were found separately in a large First Temple structure within the span of a few weeks by long-term team members Ayyala Rodan and Sveta Pnik.
One is a bluish agate stone seal "(belonging) to Ikkar son of Matanyahu" (LeIkkar Ben Matanyahu). The other is a clay seal impression, "(belonging) to Nathan-Melech, Servant of the King" (LeNathan-Melech Eved HaMelech). Nathan-Melech is named in 2 Kings as an official in the court of King Josiah.
This burnt clay impression is the first archaeological evidence of the biblical name Nathan-Melech.
The inscriptions are "not just another discovery," said archaeologist Dr. Yiftah Shalev of the Israel Antiquities Authority. Rather, they "paint a much larger picture of the era in Jerusalem."